Friday, 30 March 2018

What if the Britishers had never Colonised India?

Still considered as the darkest phase of the Indian Modern History, the British ruled India for almost 200 years starting after the East India Company was set up when Robert Clive's forces won the Battle Of Plassey in 1757.

But what if English explorers had never come to Indian shores? What would the present day India look like? You are most welcome to have your views on it.

 A Fragmented Country :
Before the coming of Britishers, India was completely divided. There were 60-100 princely states which were continuously fighting with each other. The main rivals were The Sikhs, The Marathas and The Mysore kingdom of Tipu Sultan. The Britishers helped in bringing the whole subcontinent under one umbrella after they occupied the whole country.

The Mughal Empire:
One of the mightiest and richest empires of its era, The Mughal Empire became a mere puppet in the hands of Britishers and the legacy finally ended in after the revolt of 1857, when Bahadur Shah Zafar II was sent to Rangoon.

Maybe the empire could have survived another couple of decades but their internal rivalries too helped in its fall.

The country may have been richer:
According to Dadabhai Naroji's book "Poverty and Un-Britsh rule in India", the Britishers used to drain wealth and resources worth 4 million Pounds per year and they did that for 200 long years.
The country backbone was broken and it became economically barren when the Britishers left in 1947 leaving the country as handicapped.

There was no such notion of democracy in the Pre-British era and only in 1861 when the Britishers introduced the Indian Council Act, Indians could vote for Lok Sabha, known as Council of People at that time. Maybe the country had to face monarchy for a more couple of decades if the Britishers had not ended the domination of the Marathas, Mughals, Sikhs and others.

Impact of World War II :
India suffered drastically in terms of loss of manpower and resources. More than 2 million soldiers fought the war from our side even when we had nothing to do with it. The wartime policies of extracting resources were responsible for the major Bengal Famine where millions of people died to due starvation of roads.

Consolidation of Army:
Today, India has one of the best defences of the world. We are the 5th nation in terms of resources spent to maintain our defences. However, it would have been difficult if the army were not trained by the Britishers in the wartime. Contradictory to above point, the WW2 gave the experience of handling modern warfare and modern techniques and fighting in difficult terrains.

India's Domestic Industry:
India's domestic industry was way ahead than any global power in the Pre-Brtish era. Only during the colonial rule, our industries suffered much and were basically hampered as the Textiles Industries were destroyed recklessly by the Britishers. They were faced with high export tariffs and low import tariffs so they were not able to continue their trade across the sea.

Even thumbs were broken of artisans working in the textile industry so that they don't produce fine clothes which had huge demand all over Europe

Abolition of Sati :
The evilest crime prevalent in North India at that time was the practice of Sati. It was finally banned in 1829 in some parts of the county. Even Akbar and Aurangzeb had tried hard to abolish it but failed.
Personalities like Shahjanand Swami and Raja Ram Mohan Roy tried very hard to curb this practice but if the British had not backed up the issue, then they would also have failed.

Birth of Nationalism :
The unification of Germany, Itlay and American civil war inspired millions in the Country to unite to fight off the Britishers. The Indians were united like never before and finally, in 1947 the country got Independence when it was partitioned into India and Pakistan.

India of Today :
The country would have been a continent of 30-40 states each having their own different identities.
Cricket would not have been as famous as it is today with only a small section of society enjoying it. Native sports like Kabaddi and Gulli danda would have been popular.


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